Friday of week 14 of Ordinary Time – First Reading


Commentary on Hos 14:2-10

Our last reading from Hosea is taken from the final verses of the book. It is a call for repentance and reconciliation of Israel with its God. In return Yahweh makes his promises. The prophecy ends on a note of hope, already heard in some of the passages we heard earlier in the week. It is a liturgical prayer expressing sincere repentance, corresponding to 6:1-6 (which we did not read) and is followed by a firm promise of God’s blessing. It is now time for Israel to return to its God for it has collapsed under the weight of its guilt.

“Take with you words”. Not empty words but words full of meaning and sincerity, words begging for forgiveness, words of true repentance. They will ask for their sins to be set aside and they will go back to offering sacrifices to the one, true God. They will pray: “Forgive all iniquity, and receive what is good, that we may render as offerings the bullocks from our stalls.”

No longer will they put their trust in Assyria nor in “riding horses”, namely, by making expedient treaties with countries like Egypt which can do little for them against the might of Assyria. No longer will they address the words ‘Our god’ to something which they have made themselves. They will instead put their trust in Yahweh, for in him “the orphan finds compassion”. By alienating himself, Israel, as Yahweh’s son, had made himself an orphan.

Yahweh will extend his love “freely” to Israel, without any force or compulsion, for his anger has now been turned away from his wayward son, in spite of the way he has behaved. Without their God, what are the people but pure orphans? Yahweh, we might say, was turning the other cheek, as Jesus, his Son, will later tell us to do.

In a lovely phrase Yahweh “will be like the dew for Israel”, not in the sense of something transitory but as something cool and refreshing, giving life to plants so that Israel “shall blossom like the lily”.

In an image unique in the Old Testament, Hosea compares his people to a tree, to the great Lebanon cedar and the splendid olive tree. A reformed Israel will have the fragrance of the cedar. Then, Ephraim-Israel will have no more to do with idols. He will have been punished for his wrongdoing but prosperity is returning.

Again, in another tree simile, “I (the Lord) am like a verdant cypress tree”. The evergreen cypress was seen as a symbol of life. “Because of me, you, Israel, bear fruit.” Words very similar to those spoken by Jesus to his disciples when he compared himself to the vine (cf. John 15:1-7) enabling its branches to bear fruit.

With the final verse of the book, our reading ends with a reflection which is probably a later addition in the style of the Wisdom literature, but no less valuable for all that:

Straight are the ways of the Lord,
in them the just walk,
but sinners stumble in them.

A thought worth reflecting on. For the just ways of the Lord are the ways to life, the only ways to real life. It was a lesson that Israel had to learn at a high price. Later, Jesus, the Word of God, will say, “I am the Way; I am Truth and Life.”

But to the sinner, the call of God, of Jesus and the Gospel is a serious stumbling block. It gets in the way of all he longs to have and do. It is why so often there are people who want to rid the world of God, of Jesus and the Gospel and also of those who are trying to build their lives on these truths.

Do I experience my Christian faith as a real liberation and source of joy or is it something that seems to get in the way of what I want?

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