24 December – Gospel


Commentary on Luke 1:67-79
The Gospel is the great hymn Benedictus (meaning ‘Blessed’ from its opening word in Latin) which is sung or said every day in the Divine Office at the end of Morning Prayer or Lauds. Luke puts it into the mouth of Zechariah, the husband of Elizabeth and father of the newly born John the Baptist. For doubting the word of the angel, Zechariah had been struck dumb but when, at the circumcision of his son, he confirmed that the boy’s name would be John, he recovered his speech and broke out into this song of praise. God is praised and blessed because “he has raised up a horn for our salvation within the house of David his servant”, a clear reference to Jesus.
Zechariah thanks God for having – in the person of Jesus – “visited his people” and “come to their rescue” just has he had promised through the mouths of the prophets down the ages.
He remembers his holy covenant,
the oath he swore to our father Abraham
that he would grant us, free from fear,
to be delivered from the hands of our enemies.
Our ‘enemies’ are not those to whom we are hostile for there should be no such people. Rather they are those who wish us harm, simply because of our adherence to the vision of life that Jesus has given us.
What was the purpose of this deliverance? So that we could gloat over the defeat of those who wishes us harm? No, it was that we could “serve him in holiness and virtue in his presence, all our days”. There is enough there already for us to reflect on with deep gratitude.
But Zechariah goes on to speak of his newly-born son. “You will be called a Prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the Lord to prepare the way for him.” That will be John’s special role, to prepare the people for the coming of Jesus our Saviour. He will do that by giving “his people knowledge of salvation through forgiveness of their sins”, a salvation that will come through Jesus giving them the experience of being reconciled and reunited with their God. It is clear that what is said by Zechariah of his son John applies very much to us also. For it is our calling to “to go before the Lord to prepare his ways” for others.
All this will happen “by the tender mercy of our God who from on high will bring the rising Sun to visit us”. That Rising Sun, of course, is our Lord and Saviour, Jesus. He will “give light to those who live in darkness and the shadow of death”. That surely includes all of us in some way. In the brightness of that light he will “guide our feet into the way of peace”. The realisation of that peace and harmony in each one, in every community and throughout every society is a sign that the Kingdom has come.
We all realise how much that peace is needed in our world, in our own society, in our own communities, in our homes and in our own selves. May the Prince of Peace come and dwell among us this Christmas.
DECEMBER 24: Mass for the Vigil of Christmas (evening)
Readings
Isaiah 62:1-5; Acts 13:16-17,22-25; Matthew 1:1-25
This beautiful Mass is not often celebrated, especially when the first (‘midnight’) Mass of Christmas takes place in the early evening, say 8.00 p.m., as is not unusually the case in large parishes. There are three readings, each one of which deserves our attention and
prayerful reflection.
The Gospel is the opening of Matthew’s Gospel and consists of a combined re-reading of the Gospels we had on December 17 and 18 – the genealogy of Jesus and the birth of Jesus (Matthew’s version).
Many find the genealogy a rather boring and incomprehensible list of unpronounceable names. That only goes to show how much the Hebrew Testament is a closed book to so many of us. It begins with Abraham, the father of God’s people, and is in three parts, with 14 generations in each part. It ends with the words, “Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary; of her was born Jesus who is called Christ”. The parenthood of Joseph is carefully excluded but Jesus’ family line comes through him.
It would be worth our while some day to go through that list of names and then we would learn something about the kind of people from Jesus was descended. They were by no means all saints; there are real ruffians among them. There are also four women.
By giving us this list of names Matthew is emphasising, especially to the Jews of his day, that Jesus’ lineage goes back to the very beginnings of Israelite history beginning with Abraham, the father of the nations, and including David, Jesus’ kingly ancestor. Jesus is the natural continuation of God’s long connection and involvement in the history of his people. He is in fact the long awaited climax to that history. He is the Messiah King.
This is further emphasised by his telling in the second part of the Gospel how Jesus came to be. The conception, the beginning of the life of the Child in the womb of Mary, takes place after she and Joseph are betrothed but before they are married and begin to live together as husband and wife. Clearly, the agent of bringing the new life into existence is not Joseph but God himself. It is God who is the Father of the Child and Mary is his mother. This is the Incarnation, when the Word of God is made flesh and begins to live among us.
This puts this Child in a totally different category from that of all his ancestors and yet he shares their blood and their genes while, at the same time, being Someone quite other.
The Second Reading from the Acts of the Apostles represents a speech which Paul gave on his first missionary journey to fellow Jews in the synagogue at Antioch. In it he gives a brief history of the Jewish people leading up to John the Baptist and the appearance of Jesus, the Saviour of his people. Here too there is the emphasis on the continuity between the Jewish people and the emergence of Jesus as a Saviour arising from among them – their Saviour and ours.
The First Reading is a beautiful passage from Isaiah. It is a message of consolation for Zion but can easily be applied to the Church and to all of us in the community of Christ who look forward to the birth and the coming of our Saviour.
Let us just pick out a few phrases worth reflecting on:
I will not grow weary until her integrity shines out like the dawn and her salvation shines like a torch.
The nations then will see your integrity…and you will be called by a new name…
Integrity is a precious gift needed by the Church as a whole and by each one of us. Integrity means that we are everything we proclaim to be, that there is no hidden agenda, no false fronts but total transparency. “What you see is all there is.”
No longer are you to be named ‘Forsaken’, nor your land ‘Abandoned’, but you shall be called ‘my Delight’ and your land ‘the Wedded’…
Like a young man marrying a virgin, so will the one who built you wed you, and as the bridegroom rejoices in his bride, so will your God rejoice in you.
The three readings combined sum up beautifully the context in which the Child Jesus will be born in the strange surroundings of a stable in Bethlehem. All is now about to fulfilled for each one of us as we prepare this evening to celebrate the birth of God’s Son among us as one of us.

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