Christmas Day – Vigil Mass (Evening of 24 December)

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Commentary on Isaiah 62:1-5; Acts 13:16-17,22-25; Matthew 1:1-25

This beautiful Mass is not often celebrated, especially when the first (‘midnight’) Mass of Christmas takes place in the early evening, say 8.00 p.m., as is not unusually the case in large parishes. There are three readings, each one of which deserves our attention and prayerful reflection.

The Gospel is the opening of Matthew’s Gospel and consists of a combined re-reading of the Gospels we had on December 17 and 18 – the genealogy of Jesus and the birth of Jesus (Matthew’s version).

Many find the genealogy a rather boring and incomprehensible list of unpronounceable names. That only goes to show how much the Hebrew Testament is a closed book to so many of us. It begins with Abraham, the father of God’s people, and is in three parts, with 14 generations in each part. It ends with the words:

Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary; of her was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

The parenthood of Joseph is carefully excluded but Jesus’ family line comes through him.

It would be worth our while some day to go through that list of names and then we would learn something about the kind of people from Jesus was descended. They were by no means all saints; there are real ruffians among them. There are also four women.

By giving us this list of names Matthew is emphasising, especially to the Jews of his day, that Jesus’ lineage goes back to the very beginnings of Israelite history beginning with Abraham, the father of the nations, and including David, Jesus’ kingly ancestor. Jesus is the natural continuation of God’s long connection and involvement in the history of his people. He is in fact the long awaited climax to that history. He is the Messiah King.

This is further emphasised by Matthew’s telling in the second part of the Gospel how Jesus came to be. The conception, the beginning of the life of the Child in the womb of Mary, takes place after she and Joseph are betrothed but before they are married and begin to live together as husband and wife. Clearly, the agent of bringing the new life into existence is not Joseph, but God himself. It is God who is the Father of the Child, and Mary is his mother. This is the Incarnation, when the Word of God is made flesh and begins to live among us.

This puts this Child in a totally different category from that of all his ancestors, and yet he shares their blood and their genes while, at the same time, being Someone quite other.

The Second Reading, from the Acts of the Apostles, represents a speech which Paul gave on his first missionary journey to fellow Jews in the synagogue at Antioch. In it he gives a brief history of the Jewish people leading up to John the Baptist and the appearance of Jesus, the Saviour of his people. Here too, there is the emphasis on the continuity between the Jewish people and the emergence of Jesus as a Saviour arising from among them – their Saviour and ours.

The First Reading is a beautiful passage from Isaiah. It is a message of consolation for Zion, but can easily be applied to the Church and to all of us in the community of Christ who look forward to the birth and the coming of our Saviour.

Let us just pick out a few phrases worth reflecting on:

I will not grow weary until her integrity shines out like the dawn and her salvation shines like a torch.

The nations then will see your integrity…and you will be called by a new name…

Integrity is a precious gift needed by the Church as a whole and by each one of us. Integrity means that we are everything we proclaim to be, that there is no hidden agenda, no false fronts but total transparency – what you see is all there is.

No longer are you to be named ‘Forsaken’, nor your land ‘Abandoned’, but you shall be called ‘my Delight’ and your land ‘the Wedded’…

Like a young man marrying a virgin, so will the one who built you wed you, and as the bridegroom rejoices in his bride, so will your God rejoice in you.

The three readings combined sum up beautifully the context in which the Child Jesus will be born in the strange surroundings of a stable in Bethlehem. All is now about to fulfilled for each one of us as we prepare this evening to celebrate the birth of God’s Son among us as one of us.

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All Saints and Blesseds of the Society of Jesus – Readings

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There are no fixed Scripture readings for today’s feast. The Lectionary will show a wide choice available from both the Old and New Testament. Because of this, there are no specific commentaries for this day. However, there are commentaries written for many of the readings listed today in the Lectionary, and they may be accessed using Living Space’s search facility or the indices in the adjacent sidebar.

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Saturday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel

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Commentary on Luke 8:4-15 Read Saturday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel »

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Saturday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading

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Commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:35-37, 42-49 Read Saturday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading »

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Friday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel

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Commentary on Luke 8:1-3 Read Friday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel »

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Friday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading

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Commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:12-20 Read Friday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading »

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Thursday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel

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Commentary on Luke 7:36-50 Read Thursday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel »

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Thursday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading

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Commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 Read Thursday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading »

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Monday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel

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Commentary on Luke 7:1-10 Read Monday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – Gospel »

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Monday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading

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Commentary on 1 Corinthians 11:17-26, 33 Read Monday of Week 24 of Ordinary Time – First Reading »

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